Catechism Question

Weekly Catechism for July 1st

Weekly Catechism Q&A wtih Elder John. # 46___________________________________________Keach’s Catechism Question 46Q. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the Ten Commandments (Deut 10:4; Mat. 19:17).My rendering of the question:Q. Where in the Scriptures do we find a summary of the moral law?A. The moral law is summarized in the Ten Commandments (Deuteronomy 10:4; Matthew 19:17). What are some observations that we can make from the question and answer? First the moral law requires a moral law giver. Since there is a moral law then we can accept that the moral law giver wants to be known and obeyed by all moral creatures. It follows that the moral law giver must be supreme (transcendent)so that the moral law can apply to all created moral beings. Therefore the moral law giver must be God and since we have been given the moral law which requires us to obey our Creator at all times and in everyplace. This highlights the human problem because we are disobedient and under the just condemnation of God our Creator. We are found to be under the penalty of death because of our forefather Adam and our own disobedience. In our natural state we are unable to pay the penalty of disobedience and to be completely obedient to God. This is the tragic human condition facing a just and holy God. But the hope of humanity is found in the second Adam who is Christ Jesus our Lord. Because of his death on the cross, his resurrection, his ascension into heaven, and his intercession for his people we are a new creation in Christ. We are justified before God by grace through faith in Jesus Christ our Lord and this is not our doing but the work of God. We have peace with God because of Christ Jesus who is our peace. His death is counted as our death and his perfect obedience is counted as ours. We now can live in obedience to the moral law, imperfectly but whole heartedly, because of the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. Praise GodWell Trinity until our next appointed time be strong and courageous in our Lord Jesus Christ.a slave of the Lord Jesus Christ___________________________________________Definitions:Moral law: Is the reflection of the righteous and holy character of God and reveals to us the purposes for which he created mankind and the behavior that he expects from us toward him and one another. It is revealed throughout the Scriptures but is summed up in Exodus 201-17 and in Matthew 2234-40.Transcendent: to be above or go beyond. When it is applied to God it means that he is totally distinct from his creation. This does not mean that he is not involved with his creation, but that God is in a category of being that is distinct and separate from his created order.___________________________________________Scriptural proofs for Keach’s Catechism #46 New American Standard Bible: 1995 UpdateDeuteronomy 10:4 “He wrote on the tablets, like the former writing, the Ten Commandments which the Lord had spoken to you on the mountain from the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly; and the Lord gave them to me.Matthew 19:17 And He said to him, “Why are you asking Me about what is good? There is only One who is good; but if you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments.”___________________________________________The above proof verses as they are found in context.Deuteronomy 10:1–5 1 “At that time the Lord said to me, ‘Cut out for yourself two tablets of stone like the former ones, and come up to Me on the mountain, and make an ark of wood for yourself. 2 ‘I will write on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered, and you shall put them in the ark.’ 3 “So I made an ark of acacia wood and cut out two tablets of stone like the former ones, and went up on the mountain with the two tablets in my hand. 4 “He wrote on the tablets, like the former writing, the Ten Commandments which the Lord had spoken to you on the mountain from the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly; and the Lord gave them to me. 5 “Then I turned and came down from the mountain and put the tablets in the ark which I had made; and there they are, as the Lord commanded me.”Matthew 19:16–26 16 And someone came to Him and said, “Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may obtain eternal life?” 17 And He said to him, “Why are you asking Me about what is good? There is only One who is good; but if you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments.” 18Then he said to Him, “Which ones?” And Jesus said, “You shall not commit murder; You shall not commit adultery; You shall not steal; You shall not bear false witness; 19Honor your father and mother; and You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 20 The young man said to Him, “All these things I have kept; what am I still lacking?” 21 Jesus said to him, “If you wish to be complete, go and sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.” 22 But when the young man heard this statement, he went away grieving; for he was one who owned much property. 23 And Jesus said to His disciples, “Truly I say to you, it is hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven. 24 “Again I say to you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.” 25 When the disciples heard this, they were very astonished and said, “Then who can be saved?” 26 And looking at them Jesus said to them, “With people this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.”___________________________________________Additional verses:Exodus 20:1–17 1 Then God spoke all these words, saying, 2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. 3 “You shall have no other gods before Me. 4 “You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. 5 “You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, 6 but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments. 7 “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain. 8 “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 “Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. 11 “For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy. 12 “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which the Lord your God gives you. 13 “You shall not murder. 14 “You shall not commit adultery. 15 “You shall not steal. 16 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. 17 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”Matthew 22:34–40 34 But when the Pharisees heard that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered themselves together. 35 One of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, 36 “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?” 37 And He said to him, “ ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 38 “This is the great and foremost commandment. 39 “The second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 “On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets.”

Posted by Trinity Baptist Church on Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Keach’s Catechism:

Q.  Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?

A.  The moral law is summarily comprehended in the Ten Commandments (Deut 10:4; Mat. 19:17).

My rendering of the question:

Q.  Where in the Scriptures do we find a summary of the moral law?

A.  The moral law is summarized in the Ten Commandments (Deuteronomy 10:4; Matthew 19:17).

          What are some observations that we can make from the question and answer?  First themoral lawrequires a moral law giver.  Since there is a moral law then we can accept that the moral law giver wants to be known and obeyed by all moral creatures.  It follows that the moral law giver must be supreme (transcendent)so that the moral law can apply to all created moral beings.  Therefore the moral law giver must be God andsince we have been given the moral law which requires us to obey our Creator at all times and in everyplace.  This highlights the human problem because we are disobedient and under the just condemnation of God our Creator.  We are found to be under the penalty of death because of our forefather Adam and our own disobedience. In our natural state we are unable to pay the penalty of disobedience and to be completely obedient to God.  This is the tragic human condition facing a just and holy God. 

But the hope of humanity is found in the second Adam who is Christ Jesus our Lord.  Because of his death on the cross, his resurrection, his ascension into heaven, and his intercession for his people we are a new creation in Christ. We are justified before God by grace through faith in Jesus Christ our Lord and this is not our doing but the work of God.  We have peace with God because of Christ Jesus who is our peace.  His death is counted as our death and his perfect obedience is counted as ours. We now can live in obedience to the moral law, imperfectly but whole heartedly, because of the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.  Praise God

Well Trinity until our next appointed time be strong and courageous in our Lord Jesus Christ.

a slave of the Lord Jesus Christ

Definitions:

Moral law:  Is the reflection of the righteous and holy character of God and reveals to us the purposes for which he created mankind and the behavior that he expects from us toward him and one another.  It is revealed throughout the Scriptures but is summed up in Exodus 201-17 and in Matthew 2234-40.

Transcendent:  to be above or go beyond.  When it is applied to God it means that he is totally distinct from his creation.  This does not mean that he is not involved with his creation, but that God is in a category of being that is distinct and separate from his created order.

Scriptural proofs for Keach’s Catechism #46

 New American Standard Bible: 1995 Update
Scriptural proofs for the catechism:
Deuteronomy 10:4  “He wrote on the tablets, like the former writing, the Ten Commandments which the Lord had spoken to you on the mountain from the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly; and the Lord gave them to me.
Matthew 19:17And He said to him, “Why are you asking Me about what is good? There is only One who is good; but if you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments.”
The above proof verses as they are found in context.
Deuteronomy 10:1–5  1 “At that time the Lord said to me, ‘Cut out for yourself two tablets of stone like the former ones, and come up to Me on the mountain, and make an ark of wood for yourself. 2 ‘I will write on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered, and you shall put them in the ark.’ 3 “So I made an ark of acacia wood and cut out two tablets of stone like the former ones, and went up on the mountain with the two tablets in my hand. 4 “He wrote on the tablets, like the former writing, the Ten Commandments which the Lord had spoken to you on the mountain from the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly; and the Lord gave them to me. 5 “Then I turned and came down from the mountain and put the tablets in the ark which I had made; and there they are, as the Lord commanded me.”
Matthew 19:16–26  16 And someone came to Him and said, “Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may obtain eternal life?” 17 And He said to him, “Why are you asking Me about what is good? There is only One who is good; but if you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments.” 18Then he said to Him, “Which ones?” And Jesus said, “You shall not commit murder; You shall not commit adultery; You shall not steal; You shall not bear false witness; 19Honor your father and mother; and You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 20 The young man said to Him, “All these things I have kept; what am I still lacking?” 21 Jesus said to him, “If you wish to be complete, go and sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.” 22 But when the young man heard this statement, he went away grieving; for he was one who owned much property. 23 And Jesus said to His disciples, “Truly I say to you, it is hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven. 24 “Again I say to you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.” 25 When the disciples heard this, they were very astonished and said, “Then who can be saved?” 26 And looking at them Jesus said to them, “With people this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.”
Additional verses:
Exodus 20:1–17  1 Then God spoke all these words, saying, 2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. 3 “You shall have no other gods before Me. 4 “You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. 5 “You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, 6 but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments. 7 “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain. 8 “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 “Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. 11 “For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy. 12 “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which the Lord your God gives you. 13 “You shall not murder. 14 “You shall not commit adultery. 15 “You shall not steal. 16 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. 17 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”
Matthew 22:34–40  34 But when the Pharisees heard that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered themselves together. 35 One of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, 36 “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?” 37 And He said to him, “ ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 38 “This is the great and foremost commandment. 39 “The second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 “On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets.”